Stop, Look, Listen: Should TWW (Texting While Walking) Be IlLegal? It Will Be In Honolulu


Stop, Look, Listen!  We often hear that in regard to what you should do when you approach a train track in your vehicle. Stop, look and listen for a train before driving over the tracks. I can remember when I was little and rode the school bus home, the bus driver even opened the door to the bus at train tracks so he could see better and hear any potential approaching train more clearly. But shouldn’t the same rules apply for pedestrians before they cross a busy city street?  Should pedestrians also stop, look and listen for their own safety? Are they even required to do so?

I drive down Edgewood Avenue in Downtown Atlanta to get from my house to my office every day. Edgewood is a busy city street that goes through the heart of Georgia State University.  At any given time of the day, there are hundreds of college students crossing Edgewood Avenue to get to their next class to to their dorm room or maybe even to the library.l  The three photos above demonstrate a typical day with GSU students crossing Edgewood Avenue.  These photos show students crossing at the light, but students often cross Edgewood in the middle of the block, not at an intersection and without any traffic signal. Invariably, these young men and women are texting while walking, talking on their cell phones in deep conversations while walking, or even listening to something on their phones with earphones on while they cross one of the busiest streets in Downtown Atlanta.  Many pedestrians attempt to cross while vehicle traffic has a green light.  One of the photos above shows pedestrians crossing the street diagonally, which is certainly against the rules. Watching this sort of nonchalance and devil-may-care attitude regarding oncoming cars while they strut right out into the street had me wondering:  who would be at fault if a pedestrian crossing illegally where struck by a car that had a green light?  Does  a person who texts while they cross a street value his or her life? Or does the lack of taking any safety precautions for their own person, e.g., not texting while walking, forfeit the right to blame someone else when they are struck by a vehicle?

There is no question that texting while walking, especially while crossing a street, is a bad idea.   Research has found that, mile for mile, distracted walking results in more injuries than distracted driving, and makes pedestrians 60 percent more likely to veer off course. At least one city has taken the step to protect people from themselves.   Starting Wednesday, texting while walking across a street in Honolulu is illegal, thanks to a new law that allows police to fine pedestrians up to $35 for checking their phone, while crossing an intersection in the Hawaiian city and surrounding county.  Honolulu is, apparently, the first city in the U.S. and perhaps the world to ban texting while walking (TWW).  “This is really milestone legislation that sets the bar high for safety,” said Brandon Elefante, a City Council member who proposed the bill, in an interview with the New York Times.

Add to this hazard of texting while walking a driver of a vehicle who is texting while walking and you get a recipe for disaster.  This is borne out by the latest driving fatality statistics.  Over the past two years, after decades of declining deaths on the road, U.S. traffic fatalities surged by 14.4 percent. In 2016 alone, more than 100 people died every day in or near vehicles in America, the first time the country has passed that grim toll in a decade. In Boston, police officers are going under cover to target distracted, texting drivers.  But shouldn’t police officers on foot on our streets stop a texting pedestrian from crossing a street, too?

Georgia actually has a Bicycle and Pedestrian Safety Action Plan, but I wonder if anyone has ever read it (perhaps other than personal injury lawyers, like me). I twas created because Federal Law mandated it to be created if Georgia didn’t want to lose all of the Federal funding it receives for road construction.  Passed in 2005, the federal transportation act, SAFETEA-LU, required every state to develop Strategic Highway Safety Plans (SHSP) in order to continue to receive certain federal transportation funds. This is much like when all of the states raised their drinking age to 21 from 18; it was to avoid losing Federal funding for its roads. In our Georgia Safety Action Plan there a couple of paragraphs that set out the Georgia Laws regarding pedestrians, but they are all written with the scenario of a pedestrian being hit by a vehicle. It doesn’t contemplate anything that a pedestrian might do, such as texting while walking, that endangers the pedestrian him or herself.  Maybe it’s time the Atlanta City Council consider a law like that in Honolulu going into effect tomorrow, to protect pedestrians from themselves.  We’ll see, I guess, but don’t hold your breath.

 In the meantime, I will continue to be extra vigilant as I drive down Atlanta streets in the heart of Georgia State University and urge my fellow motorists to do likewise. Stay safe out there!


Robin Frazer Clark pursues justice for those who have personal injury claims as a result of being injured in motor vehicle wrecks, trucking wrecks, defective products, defective maintenance of roads, premises safety, medical malpractice and other incidents caused by the negligence of others.  Ms. Clark is the 50th President of the State Bar of Georgia and a Past President of Georgia Trial Lawyers Association and has practiced law in Georgia for 29 years.  Mrs. Clark is listed as one of the Top 50 Women Trial Lawyers in Georgia and is a Georgia Super Lawyer.  Robin Frazer Clark~Dedicated to the Constitution’s Promise of Justice for All.


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